Characteristics of Jetters and Little Boxes: An Extensibility Study using the Neighborhood Connectivity Survey


Individuals connect to sets of places through travel, migration, telecommunications, and social interactions. This set of multiplex network connections comprises an individual’s extensibility, a human geography term that qualifies one’s geographic reach as locally-focused or globally extensible. Here, we ask: are there clear signals of global vs. local extensibility, and if so, what demographic and social life factors correlate with each type of pattern? To answer these questions, we use data (n=950 (global sample); n=903 (in model)) from the Neighborhood Connectivity Survey (NCS), which was conducted in Akron, Ohio; State College, Pennsylvania; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Based on the location of a variety of connections (travel, phone call patterns, locations of family, migration, etc.), we found that individuals fell into one of four different typologies: 1) Hyperlocal, 2) Metropolitan, 3) Mixed-many, or 4) Regional-few. We tested whether individuals in each typology had different levels of local social support and different sociodemographic characteristics. We found that respondents who are white, married, and have higher educational attainment are significantly associated with more connections to a wider variety of places (more global connections), while respondents who are Black/African American, single, and with high school (or less) educational attainment have more local social and spatial ties. Accordingly, the urban poor may be limited in their ability to interact with a variety of places (yielding a wide set of geographic experiences and influences), suggesting that wide extensibility may be a mark of privileged circumstances and heightened agency.

This paper is published in the special issue: On the Role of Space, Place, and Social Networks in Social Participation in Social Inclusion.

Here is the link to our open-access manuscript: Characteristics of Jetters and Little Boxes – An Extensibility Study Using the Neighborhood Connectivity Survey

Here is the link to our survey. Neighborhood Connectivity Survey . Our survey data is open to sharing by request. Please contact if you are interested.